自序 Author’s Preface 一 八翻手之源流 One: The Origins of Bafan Boxing 二 八翻手之真義 Two: The True Significance of Bafan Boxing 三 八翻手之特長 Three: The Special Characteristics of Bafan Boxing 第一路 抱拳挣錘式 Line 1: Embracing Fists & Fighting Punches 第二路 進退連環式 Line 2: Advancing & Retreating with Continuous Techniques 第三路 撇身捶式 Line 3: Torso-Flung Punch 第四路 葉裏藏化式 Line 4: Flower Hidden Under the Leaf 第五路 仙人掌舵式 Line 5: Immortal Steers the Boat 第六路 羈王捆猪式 Line 6: Emperor Ties up a Pig 第七路 二龍戲珠式 Line 7: Double Dragons Play with the Pearl 第八路 擺肘壓打式 Line 8: Swinging Elbow, Press & Strike 八翻手結論 A Brief Discussion of Bafan Boxing
岳氏八翻手自序 AUTHOR’S PREFACE
余幼多病。四歲不能行。先大人憂之。晨夕教以運動。始八歲。授以長拳。習縱躍。久之。體漸强。逮志學之年。游金臺。從京兆許禹生、滿洲紀子修、吴鑑泉、許先生。受太極十三式。又從河北衡水劉恩綬殿昇先生。學岳氏八翻手。其法由岳家散手變化而來。為清光緒間大槍劉敬遠德寬公所編創。傳為少林嫡系。恩綬先生為敬遠公高弟子。功行精邃。名盛一時。先生嘗自言。習是拳法。歷九寒暑而未間斷。亦可見前輩用心之苦矣。余從諸先生游、幾五載。耳提面命。恍如昨日。時同學多專太極拳。憚八翻手用功之艱苦。余以紀師為雄縣劉公仕俊弟子。精散手及太極。與敬遠公為同門。許師亦受教於敬遠公有年。內外皆精。故得不時請益。遍承教澤。夫然後知此拳法之所以自成一家也。相傳國術分內外二家。説者謂內家主柔。外家主剛。內家言勁。外家尚着。斯言也、竊嘗疑之。考國術之真義。剛柔不可偏廢。着勁固未忽離。精於剛着者。必明乎柔勁。邃於柔勁者。自曉乎剛着。則臻其妙者。固殊途而同歸矣。今之言外家者。多祖少林。以少林拳技。甲於天下也。惜乎師徒星散。衣鉢久失。後世英豪。徒切向往，劉公敬遠編創岳氏八翻手，簡而易習，樸實無華。復經諸先生數十年之苦心研求。參以太極剛柔相濟之精義。健身致用。綽有余裕。庚午歲。余創太原市國術促進會。集三晋名家。從事研究。諸同志復推余兼長教務部事。因印圖説。以廣流傳。并述其原委。俾少林之真。得不淪已。 中華民國十九年秋山西汾陽新午王華杰叙於陸軍第三方面軍總司令部 When I was child, I was frequently ill, so much so that at the age of four I could not even walk. My parents worried about me and constantly taught me exercise. Once I was eight, I was instructed in Long Boxing and practiced leaping and jumping. After a long time, my body gradually strengthened. When I reached the age of fifteen, I traveled to Jintai, where I learned from Xu Yusheng of Jingzhao, and the Manchurians Ji Zixiu and Wu Jianquan. While Xu taught me Taiji’s “thirteen dynamics”, I also learned Yue School Bafan Boxing [known varyingly as Bafanshou, Bafanmen, Bafanquan, etc.] from Liu Enshou of Hengshui, Hebei. Developed from Yue School Sanshou, its methods were devised during the reign of Emperor Guangxu by “Big Spear” Liu Jingyuan, called Dekuan, who was a Shaolin exponent. Liu Enshou was the top student of Liu Dekuan. His skill was refined and deep, and his fame spread quickly. He once said of himself that he trained in the art for nine years straight without a break. From this we can see the dedication of the older generation. I learned from my teachers for nearly five years. My ears still ring with their instruction as though it was but yesterday. At that time, many of my fellow students were specializing in Taiji Boxing, fearing that Bafan Boxing would be too much work. I found that Ji Zixiu was a student of Liu Shijun of Xiong County [in Hebei]. A fellow student of Liu Dekuan, he was an expert in Sanshou and Taiji. Xu Yusheng had learned from Liu Dekuan for several years and mastered both the internal and external systems. Thus I frequently asked him for instruction. With such a well-rounded education, I then understood why this particular boxing art was created. Chinese martial arts are traditionally divided into the two schools of internal and external. It is said that the internal school emphasizes softness whereas the external school emphasizes hardness, that the internal school discusses energy whereas the external school values technique. These words seem doubtful to me. Examining the true essence of martial arts, neither hardness nor softness should be emphasized, and neither technique nor energy should be neglected. Expertise in hard techniques requires an understanding of soft energy. Skill in soft energy comes from a knowledge of hard techniques. Therefore those who have attained a very high level have indeed taken different paths but reached the same goal. When the external school is talked of nowadays, what is usually meant is Shaolin, the Shaolin boxing skills being considered peerless throughout the world. Alas, its teachers and students have become so dispersed that the legacy has long been lost. Yet later generations of heroes have ardently committed to it, such as Liu Dekuan in creating Yue School Bafan Boxing. It is simple and easy to practice, practical rather than decorative. Through the painstaking study of all my teachers over many decades, and with the basic concept from Taiji of hardness and softness complementing each other, it is more than adequate for the tasks of both fitness and self-defense. In 1930, I founded the Taiyuan Martial Arts Promotion Society, gathering Shanxi’s famous experts to engage in research. My comrades then encouraged me to both teach this art and to publish a handbook on it, spreading it widely by way of detailed descriptions so as to keep authentic Shaolin from sinking into oblivion. – written by Wang Huajie, called Xinwu, of Fenyang, Shanxi, at the Third Area Army General Headquarters, autumn, 1930
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